Archive Room “Tsunami Prevention” ―People of Hirogawa-cho Inheriting goryo's Spirit of Disaster Prevention―
Disasters are said to usually happen when people least expect them. The history of Hirogawa-cho reveals to us the importance of fostering daily preparation while handing down the inspiration of goryo.
Inherited Spirit Embankment Maintenance History
|1855 (Ansei 2)||
Commenced Construction of the Hiromura Embankment
1858 (Ansei 5)
|The Hiromura Embankment Completed
1903 (Meiji 36)
Origin of the Tsunami Festival
|1904 (Meiji 37)||The pine trees planted along the Hiromura Embankment were incorporated into forest reserves for use in tide-water control and as a windbreak.|
|1913 (Taisho 2)||The embankment protected Hiro-mura village from storm surges (high tide).|
|1926 (Showa 1)||An iron tide gate called Aka-mon was built where the Hiromura Embankment had been partially cut for a passage through it.|
|1933 (Showa 8)||An appreciation monument was erected and unveiling ceremony held at the Tsunami Festival. “Origin of Appreciation Monument” (written by Hamaguchi Esho) published.|
|1936 (Showa 11)||Repairs on the Hiromura Embankment completed and a monument erected.|
|1937 (Showa 12)||
“The Fire of Rice Sheaves” (written by Nakai Tsunezo) was adopted for use in government-designated textbooks.
|1938 (Showa 13)||The Hiromura Embankment was designated a national historic site .
Photo Credit: Tsymura Kenshiro
|1940 (Showa 15)||“How to teach ‘The Fire of Rice Sheaves’ ” by Dr. Imamura Akitsune reprinted.|
1944 (Showa 19)
|The embankment protected Hiro-mura village from the tsunami caused by the Higashinankai Earthquake.|
|1946 (Showa 21)||The embankment protected Hiro-mura village from the tsunami caused by the Nankai Earthquake.|
|1947 (Showa 22)||
Hamaguchi Gihee (Godou) explains “the origin of the forest for tide-water control and windbreak” to the Emperor.
|1948 (Showa 23)||A document entitled “To People in Hiro-mura village Concerning Tsunami Caused by Nankai Earthquake and Nankaido Earthquake in Showa” submitted by Dr. Imamura Akitsune.|
|1951 (Showa 26)||
Protection and repair work on the embankment in the Hiro Bay area commenced.
|1952 (Showa 27)||“Brief History of Tsunamis and the Disaster Prevention Facility” published.|
|1961 (Showa 36)||
Protection and repair work on the embankment in the Hiro Bay area completed.
|1967 (Showa 42)||A bronze statue of Hamaguchi goryo was constructed in the schoolyard of Taikyu Junior High School .|
|1980 (Showa 55)||
A new tide gate, Aka-mon, was built .
|1985 (Showa 60)||A memorial service and lecture were held for the 100th anniversary of the death of Hamaguchi goryo.|
|1987 (Showa 62)||Nakai Tsunezo, the author of “The Fire of Rice Sheaves,” was commended by the Minister of the National Land Agency for his achievement.|
|1993 (Heisei 5)||
Maintenance work on the Hiromura Embankment commenced.
|1997 (Heisei 9)||A statue of goryo was erected in the “Inamura-no-Hi” Square in front of the Hirogawa-cho Town Office.|
|1998 (Heisei 10)||The National Tsunami Prevention Summit for coastal cities, towns and villages was held in Hirogawa-cho.|
|1999 (Heisei 11)||The Empress referred to “the fire of rice sheaves” in relation to disaster-prevention measures in a news conference.|
|2002 (Heisei 14)||The 100th Tsunami Festival held.|
|2003 (Heisei 15)||
The first Inamura-no-hi Festival was held with a torchlight parade.
|2005 (Heisei 17)||“The Association of Inamura-no-hi” was established in order to enhance education on disaster prevention for children.|
|2007 (Heisei 19)||“Inamura-no-Hi no Yakata,” consisting of the Hamaguchi goryo Archives and the Tsunami Educational Center, established.